An Overview of Racial Discrimination Law
Whether you’re looking for legal assistance or just a better understanding of the issues surrounding Racial Discrimination Law, you’re in the right place. Here’s a quick overview of how Racial Discrimination Lawyer with the Law works and how you can fight discrimination in your workplace.
Human rights promotion and protection responsibilities in China
During the past two decades, China has been enacting laws to promote equality and combat discrimination. However, the government may be having a difficult time enforcing those laws. This is due to the lack of a formal definition of discrimination, and because many of the laws and regulations are scattered throughout different pieces of legislation.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, sets forth universal protection of fundamental human rights. Its text has been translated into over 500 languages. It is a milestone document in the history of human rights. It has been credited as an inspiration for over 70 human rights treaties. It is also applied regionally.
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) was drafted by the UN Commission on Human Rights. It is a treaty that was ratified by the United States. Its most prominent feature is the principle of equality.
Legal protections for ethnic minorities in China
During the last decade, China has enacted a number of laws to promote ethnic equality. It has also strengthened its legal system. However, it still faces serious challenges in addressing discriminatory practices.
The Chinese government recognizes 56 ethnic groups. The population is predominantly Han Chinese. However, tensions with the central government have been recurrent.
Over 20 laws have been enacted to promote ethnic equality. Some of these laws have been criticized for not addressing discriminatory practices. Some recruiters in public and private sectors explicitly bar certain groups from hiring processes.
However, the Chinese government is also committed to protecting ethnic minorities. In March 2018, the Constitution was amended to reflect the importance of ethnic equality. The changes also reflected interethnic harmony and mutual assistance.
Chinese domestic legislation does not clearly define racial discrimination. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of nationality or descent. However, the law is scattered in different regulations and laws.
China has been criticized for not having a comprehensive anti-discrimination law. This results in a lack of effective enforcement mechanisms. Moreover, the lack of a national human rights institution in China also raises concerns.
Eliminating racial discrimination in the workplace
Whether you’re a leader or an employee, racial discrimination in the workplace is a major issue. It affects men and women of all ages, races, genders, national origins and religions.
Eliminating racial discrimination in the workplace requires a holistic approach. You must address the problem from all angles and provide employees with a safe space to discuss race without fear of retribution.
A good starting point is to analyze employee data to see what racial discrimination is occurring. The data may reveal that non-white employees have a pay gap compared to white employees. The data also can reveal how many disciplinary actions ethnic employees have faced.
You should also review your employment policies and practices. This includes recruitment, hiring, promotion, training and compensation. A review of these policies and practices can provide you with the insights you need to develop effective anti-discrimination policies.
You should also establish an anti-racist organizational culture. Having a solid racial equity plan and implementing it across all areas of your company can help you influence individual attitudes and institutional policies.
Comparing racial discrimination laws in the United States and South Africa
Despite its fraught history of oppression and discrimination, South Africa was able to undergo a carefully orchestrated transition to democracy. Its new constitution embodied a nonracial constitutional order and it embraced democratic governance. However, the country’s economic and social challenges are staggering. It is among the world’s most unequal countries. It faces a stark distributional cliff.
The country’s economic inequality interacts with racial division in different ways than in the United States. A large share of its population is poor, while earnings are concentrated in the top quarter of the population. This inequality has fueled political polarization.
In South Africa, racial divisions have long been central to the country’s political discourse. As Nelson Mandela’s presidency approached, divisive political entrepreneurs used us-versus-them rhetoric to persuade voters. These entrepreneurs exploited racial fault lines and leveraged deeply rooted conflicts to strengthen their political positions. However, these efforts have stalled.
Moreover, in the 2010s, a shift from hope to anger began to take hold. This was a response to demand-side dissatisfaction. But it was also a reaction to the promise of a better life for all.