Labor Law

Labor Laws and Issues

The Fair Labor Standards Act is a major piece of labor legislation, and it sets standards for wages and overtime pay. Most private and public employers are required to pay at least the federal minimum wage, and they must provide one-and-one-half times that rate during overtime hours. Children under 16 are not permitted to work during school hours, and many contracts are subject to certain regulations. The Fair Labour Standards Act also addresses child labour.

International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an organization that was created following the Treaty of Versailles. Its founding principles emphasize social justice and equal bargaining between employers and employees. The primary function of the ILO has been to develop and coordinate international labor law. ILO members may voluntarily adopt ILO Conventions. The first Hours of Work (Industry) Convention set a maximum number of hours that a worker can work in a given week. The ILO has over 185 member states.


France’s first labour law was enacted in 1841 and banned child labor. In the Third Republic, the Taft-Hartley Act was passed in 1947, which banned unions from engaging in unfair labor practices. The Taft-Hartley Act, which was passed in response to the corrupt nature of labor unions, made it illegal to engage in collective bargaining, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, which prohibits discrimination against people over 40 years of age.

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